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It is no wonder then that the foods we consume in the lead up to a game have an important impact on performance, particularly in the latter stages of matches when the energy stores become depleted.
Whilst the energy demands in amateur football may not be quite as great, a sensible approach to match day nutrition will help to maximise your potential on the pitch and the match day nutrition practices in professional football are easy to replicate.
Porridge is packed full of slow release carbohydrates that will ensure that your muscle glycogen levels are topped up. If you have an early morning kick off you should try and eat about 2-3 hours before kick-off. If your kick off isn't until the afternoon you may wish to eat something more substantial at breakfast - a good option is poached eggs with wholemeal toast.
If you are working towards an afternoon kick off your lunch will be your pre-match meal. Again, this should be consumed two to three hours before kick-off to ensure your body has time to digest and absorb the nutrients. Again the focus of your meal is carbohydrates and may include a small amount of protein. Options that you could consider include baked potato with tuna or a chicken breast with pasta salad.
If you don't have time to eat a second meal then you could consider a snack like a banana, cereal bar or sports drink to give you a spike in energy in time for kick off. It's also important that you don't neglect your hydration.
After the match your attention needs to turn to recovery. To make sure you get the most out of the game you need to introduce some protein into your meal, fish or chicken with pasta are good options. Your body and in particular your joints come under particular stress over 90 minutes as you are continuously on the move and changing direction. The omega 3 fatty acid EPA has an anti-inflammatory effect which can help, so if you aren't consuming oily fish through your diet you should consider adding a supplement such as Healthspan Elite's Omega 3 Pure EPA 1g into your match day regime.
Even if you do manage to eat the perfect match day diet, don't forget your supplements, they still have an important role to play. There are three essential supplements I encourage players to take on a daily basis, these are a Multivitamin, Omega 3 and Probiotic. Multivitamins play an important role in releasing your energy stores, containing vitamin B6 which helps in the metabolism of macronutrients.
Probiotics help to maintain a healthy digestive environment aiding in the uptake of protein, but also helping to avoid any nervous digestive problems.
1. Pre-match focus on slow release carbs to top up your glycogen stores
2. Ensure you eat 2-3 hours before kick off
3. Don't neglect your hydration
4. After the match switch your attention to protein for recovery
Alek is Head of Sports Science at Southampton FC. Previously, he taught sports science at Leeds Metropolitan University, as well as lecturing at the University of West England.
Find out more about Alek Gross.